Sparta or Lacedaemon was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece. Click for more.
Statue of Leonidas
Mystras or Mistras , also known as Myzithras (Μυζηθράς) in the Chronicle of the Morea, is a fortified town and a former municipality in Laconia, Peloponnese, Greece. Situated on Mt. Taygetos, near ancient Sparta, it served as the capital of theByzantine Despotate of the Morea in the 14th and 15th centuries, experiencing a period of prosperity and cultural flowering. The site remained inhabited throughout the Ottoman period, when it was mistaken by Western travellers for ancient Sparta. In the 1830s, it was abandoned and the new town of Sparti was built, approximately eight kilometres to the east. Click for more.
Monemvasia is a town and a municipality in Laconia, Greece. The town is located on a small island off the east coast of the Peloponnese. The island is linked to the mainland by a short causeway 200m in length. Its area consists mostly of a large plateausome 100 metres above sea level, up to 300 m wide and 1 km long, the site of a powerful medieval fortress. The town walls and manyByzantine churches remain from the medieval period. The seat of the municipality is the town Molaoi. The town’s name derives from two Greek words, mone and emvasia, meaning “single entrance”. Its Italian form, Malvasia, gave its name toMalmsey wine. Monemvasia’s nickname is the Gibraltar of the East or The Rock. Click for more
Vatheia (also Vathia) is a village on the Mani Peninsula,in south-eastern Laconia. The local community of Vatheia is named after this village. Click for more.
Elafonisos is a small Greek island between the Peloponnese and Kythira. It lies off the coast of Cape Malea andVatika. The area of the island is 19 square kilometres (7 square miles). Click for more.